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Norwegian School of Veterinary Science

The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (NVH) is the only one of its kind in Norway. It is state-owned, autonomous and has university level status. The school is responsible for the major part of all veterinary research conducted in the country. The school has all the necessary expertise for the use of equipment and facilities relevant for the present project, such as access to the modern experimental facilities for fish and rat experiments; the most modern microscopes for studies of structural and functional  morphology, including electron, confocal, and laser-capture microscopy; equipment for in vitro intestinal transport studies (“everted sleeve” method); a range of fish cell lines and facilities for cell cultivation; laboratories for the study of digestive enzymes and an array of other biochemical parameters; the central clinical laboratory. For molecular studies, expertise and equipment for a range of different methods exists, such as several PCR machines, real-time PCR machines (ABI, Lightcycler), microarray (scanner and hybridization), Bioanalyzer for RNA integrity measurements, and a Typhoon scanner for semiquantification of Southern blots, Western blots, and other gel electrophoresis studies. Facilities for DNA sequencing are also available. The Department of Basic Sciences and Aquatic Medicine was evaluated by an international committee in 2006. The Nutrition Section, to be involved in the present project, was evaluated as one of the best groups in the department and was credited with the mark “Excellent” regarding scientific quality and productivity, relevance and impact. The section also comprises the “Gut and health group” of The Aquaculture Protein Centre (APC), a Centre of Excellence under the Norwegian Research Council. The GMSAFOOD activities will be run in closecooperation with activities in APC.
WP leaders

Prof. Åshild Krogdahl is professor (since 1992) in animal nutrition with teaching as well as research responsibilities since 1993 at NVH. She has her educational background, including her Ph. D., in human nutrition from University of Oslo. Her scientific focus has been nutritional effects of dietary ingredients, nutrients and antinutrients on digestive and absorptive processes and effects on digestive physiology. Comparative aspects, including human digestive physiology, have been paid particular attention. She is now leader of the Nutrition section at NVH and leads the “Gut and Health group” of The Aquaculture Protein Centre (APC), one of three sections of this Centre of Exellence, based at NVH. She also leads the NVH activities in an ongoing, Norwegian GMO-project addressing GMO-effect in salmon, conducted in cooperation with The National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research. Among several visits to foreign laboratories the longest are a one year period as visiting scientist at Iowa State University, USA in 1982, and a three month visit at University of Lecce, Italy, in 2002. Of particular importance for her research progression has been participation in the EU network COST98 regarding Nutritional effects of antinutrients in legumes. Relationships initiated through this network are still important for the research at the Nutrition section at NVH. Krogdahl has long experience as leader and committee member in a number of committees under the Research Council of Norway since she was appointed vice leader of the “senate” of the Agricultural Research Council in 1985. Krogdahl is now leader of the Norwegian Committee for Food Safety, just reappointed for a second three year period. Krogdahl has written more than 80 scientific papers, is referee for several journals, and member of the editorial board of Aquaculture Nutrition. Krogdahl will be responsible for WP5 and will coordinate the activities of WP3 and 5.

Anne Marie Bakke is a research scientist with training from USA (University of Connecticut; B.S. in Animal Science), Germany (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München; and Norway (NVH; in Animal Nutrition). She is engaged by the Aquaculture Protein Centre at NVH. Her main areas of research include fishes’ intestinal physiology, histomorphology and immunology and how they are affected by novel feed ingredients, especially soybean meal and genetically modified plant ingredients, in formulated diets for farmed fish. She is involved in the ongoing Norwegian GMOproject addressing GMO-effects on salmon conducted in cooperation with The National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research. She annually teaches the veterinary students dog and cat feeding and nutrition and the Aquatic Medicine Master’s students in the subjects of anti-nutritional factors and digestive disorders in farmed fish. She has more 20 scientific papers and is a regular referee for several journals. She was a Fulbright scholar to University of California, Davis’ Department of Animal Science in 2004-2005. Bakke will be responsible for WP3.
This study was funded by the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-3) under grant agreement no.211820 and independently of any commercial input, financial or otherwise. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. None of the personnel involved had a financial or personal conflict of interest with regard to the present study.

 NVH colleague: Jinny Gu
Norwegian School of Veterinary Science